Gemstones are one of the uncountable gifts that nature has bestowed to human beings. Naturally occurring gemstones are quite fascinating and beneficial, making them widely desired by the people belonging to different time periods. These glittering objects have always been considered classy and sophisticated, when studded in the jewelry or in loose form itself.
Though, human beings have also invented artificial gemstones, the charm of the natural gemstones is invincible. These are extracted from the depth of the earth. It’s nothing less than a miracle that the earth produces the stones that have such a lustrous and royal look. It’s not like that one can start digging at any place to find precious or semi-precious stones. Gemstones can be extracted only from a few locations, such as Kashmir, Arkansas, North Carolina, Kansas, Oregon and several other such places.
Know about gemstones mining or extraction
• The formation of the gemstones occurs around 3 to 25 miles beneath the crust of the Earth.
• Diamonds and Peridot are the ones that are found much deeper in the Earth.
• Apatite, Diamond, Garnet, Tourmaline, Spinel, Tanzanite, Quartz, Moonstone, Topaz and Zircon are formed in igneous rock.
• Jasper, Malachite, Opal and Zircon stones form in sedimentary rocks.
• Emerald, Morganite, Aquamarine, Jade, Lapis Lazuli, Turquoise, Spinel, Ruby, Sapphire and Zircon are found in metamorphic rocks.
• Diamonds are recovered through pit mining.
• Colored gemstones, other than the diamonds, are mined through rigorous and time-consuming process.
• There are a few mining companies in the gemstone market that have come up with modern mining practices for the extraction of gemstones.
• Gems can be mined from primary as well as secondary deposits.
• The mined stones are sent to the cutting centers where their aesthetics are enhanced.
How to identify natural raw gemstones
• You require special tools for accurate identification of the gemstones.
• If the texture of the stone is rough or sandy, then it’s not a gemstone.
• If the stone is highly malleable, then also it’s not a gemstone.
• An actual gemstone has a crystalline structure.
• The color and heft, along with other characteristics, help in identifying the gemstone.
• A gemstone can be transparent, opaque or translucent.
• The hardness of a stone plays a very important role in identifying the gemstone.
• The specific gravity test can be of help.
• Refractive index test and light dispersion test are also great ways to check the originality of a gemstone.
• The best way is to consult a gemologist to ensure that if it’s a gemstone or not.
While you go for stone hunting or get lucky enough to lay your hand on a precious or semi-precious gemstone, just make sure to keep your eyes open, keep yourself informed and identify the real gemstones from the fake ones. It’s true that not every stone is a gemstone, some may be ores or merely the stones that you find on your way. Consider the above mentioned points to identify the natural gemstones in their raw form.